Pruning your tree
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After establishment, pruning is very essential as watering, fertilizing,
and mowing. Pruning cannot be done as any time as you wish. Pruning in
the dormant season might minimize sap and resin flow from the cut branches.
Pruning hardwood trees and shrubs
It includes only the hardwood trees and shrubs which do not have any showy
flowers. Prune these type of trees in the dormant season so that you can
very easily visualize the structure of the tree, to maximize wound closure
while it is growing after the dormant season. It reduces the chances of
disease transmission and arrests excessive sap flow from the wounds. recent
wounds and the chemical scents that thespread attracts inseacts that facilitates
tree disease. Make sure to prune the trees in the exact timing of the
year so that you can very well prevent the spread of fatal diseases. You
can even get a suggestion from your local tree disease specialist to get
the correct idea to your locality. Usually, it is late fall and winter
is considered to be the best time for pruning.
Flowering trees and shrubs
Eventhough the pruning season is the same as the above, dormant season,
you can take into account the following schedule to naturally preserve
the latest year’s flower crop
Trees and shrubs that blooms in the season of early spring (redbud, dogwood)
can be pruned just after flowering season. Flower buds grows even a year
prior they flush and they will form on the new growth.
Most of the flowering trees are prone to fireblight, one of the bacterial
disease that is caused by pruning. These trees must be pruned in their
dormant season. Make a check with your pruning specialist or horticulturist
for extra informations.
Summer and fall flowering trees and shrubs must be pruned only during
the dormant season. It helps the flower buds to form on the new twigs
in the coming growing season and of course the flowers will flush normally.
Dead branches could be removed from the trees at any time of the year.
Tools used in pruning
Usually, hand pruners are handled to prune small branches of under 2.5cm
diameter. Hand pruners are grouped according to the blade configuration.
Anvil pruners have straight blade, and by-pass pruners consists of curved
cutting blade. To avoid unnecessary tearing and crushing of tissues, use
by-pass pruners, either left or right handed types.
• Bigger branches can be cut by saws, chain saws, and pole pruners,
• Consider safety, health and aesthetics in order to prune.
• Be careful with the utility lines.
• Prune only in the exact season.
• Prune the small size branches than the bigger ones.